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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Ethics and Malpractice Statement

    This journal subscribes to the Code of Conduct for best practice and ethical journal editing and publication (see COPE http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines)


    Recognising our ethical and other responsibilities, we take all possible measures against malpractice and we are committed to ensuring that reprint, advertising or other commercial revenue or political gain has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. We publish papers based only on their quality, importance, originality, and relevance to our remit.


    We evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, citizenship, ethnic origin, or political philosophy of the authors. We are committed to ensuring ethics in publication and high quality of scholarship. Conformance to standards of ethical behaviour is therefore expected of all parties involved: Authors, Editors, Reviewers, and the Publisher.


    Authors: By submitting a manuscript, the author(s) warrant that the manuscript is their own, original work and that it has neither been published previously nor is currently being considered for publication elsewhere. Submitting the same manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unacceptable. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical conduct and is unacceptable. The corresponding author should ensure that there is a full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication. Articles will be processed through iThenticate plagiarism detection software as the first stage of the copyediting process.

  • Plagiarism is unethical and unacceptable. All articles published in the journal will be subject to assessment for plagiarism by iThenticate.

Author Guidelines

Submitting Manuscripts: Process

Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure you have adhered to the following guidelines for presentation.


1.Register as an Author first.


2.Manuscripts should be uploaded electronically, using one of the preferred formats: Microsoft Word or compatible word document.


3.To ensure anonymity in the review process, remove names of authors or institutions in the abstract and body of the manuscript.


4.Details for all authors should be provided when you register to submit your article under meta-data. You should provide details including academic position and affiliation, short biography, URL to your home page, email, mailing address and telephone numbers.


Submitting Manuscripts: Style


  1. Articles should be between 6-8,000 words in length. An exact word length should be indicated at the beginning of the manuscript. Articles longer than 8,000 words (including abstract, appendices and references) may not be considered for review and publication.

  2. Authors are reminded that the Journal’s focus is broad and international, and manuscripts should be written with this in mind. Do not assume that 'local' events, activities, laws, legislation, and so on will be at the forefront or even in the knowledge bank of our eclectic mix of readers from other nations.

  3. The manuscript should also include an abstract of no more than 150 words.

  4. Please also include 3-6 key words.




Referencing in the manuscript should follow the standard Harvard system


General referencing ‘rules’


  1. If there are more than three authors, the first name followed by ‘et al.’ is permissible in the text but the authors’ names should be spelt out in full in the references.

  2. Up to three authors may be listed. If more are provided, then list the first three authors and represent the rest by et al. Fewer authors followed by et al. is also acceptable.

  3. All references in the text and notes must be specified by the authors’ last names and date of publication together with page numbers if direct quotations are used (e.g. Currie 2010: 50-51).

  4. Do not use ibid., op. cit., infra., supra. Instead, show the subsequent citation of the same source in the same way as the first.

  5. Where et al. is used in textual citations, this should always be upright and not using italics.

  6. Enclose within a single pair of parentheses a series of references, separated by semicolons (e.g. Carrington 2010; Walters 2003).

  7. Please order alphabetically by author surname.

  8. Use endnotes, not footnotes.


The reference list


The reference list should be included at the end of the manuscript. Please provide DOIs for all journal articles that have them. This is a requirement for all open access journals.


The following styles are to be used for the reference list:




Young R (1990) White Mythologies: Writing History and the West. London: Routledge.


Book chapter:


Goldsmith A (2006) Crimes across borders. In Goldsmith A, Israel M and Daly K (eds) Crime and Justice: A Guide to Criminology: 219-225. Sydney: Law Book Co.


Journal article:


Dirlik A (1994) The postcolonial aura: Third world criticism in the age of global capitalism. Critical Inquiry 20: 328-356.


Aas F (2012) The earth is one but the world is not: Criminological theory and its geopolitical divisions. Theoretical Criminology 16(1): 5-20.


Journal article published ahead of print:


Huth EJ, King K and Lock S (1988) Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. British Medical Journal. Epub ahead of print 12 June 2011. DOI: 10.1177/09544327167940.




National Center for Professional Certification (2002) Factors Affecting Organizational Climate and Retention. Available at www.cwla.org./programmes/triechmann/2002fbwfiles (accessed 10 July 2010).


Webb R (2003) Maori and Crime. PhD Thesis, University of Auckland, New Zealand.


Diagrams and Tables


Diagrams, figures and tables should be used sparingly. If included they should be numbered and clearly referenced in the text. They can be in colour or black and white. Tables and figures should be legible at a width not greater than 16cm.


On submission, they should be placed in a separate file with their preferred location indicated in the manuscript (e.g. Figure 1 here). For tables, the title should be above and the source below; for figures, the title and source should be below. Tables created using Excel should also be sent as Excel files (in addition to the layout in Word).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.